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Having mouth sores can be an uncomfortable and embarrassing situation. Learn the common types and what you might do to treat them in this brief primer.

The most contagious and impossible to cure mouth sore is the common cold sore. Cold sores are actually a form of the herpes simplex virus and catching it means you’ll have it the rest of your life. Most people have it without even realizing because they rarely have an outbreak. If you do, they will appear as red blisters around the mouth. Bad outbreaks spread to the chin and under the nose. The blisters may break and scab over before healing. Getting an antiviral medication from your doctor can help to speed healing.

Canker Sores are small sores inside the mouth. They are white or grayish surrounded by a red outline. They occur when some sort of trauma has occurred to the mouth. They heal on their own within two weeks.

An issue for people with poor health, candidiasis is a moist tissue fungus growing inside of the mouth. Also known as “oral thrush,” it is no more than your typical yeast infection. Contractors of candidiasis are the immune deficient, the very old, and the very young. Antifungal medication can be prescribed by your doctor to lend in healing.

Leukoplakia occurs when an area is irritated by rubbing or chewing on the inside of the mouth. Cells begin to compensate by growing and toughening into a rough-looking, whitish patch. Common sources of the irritation tend to be braces, dentures, nighttime bruxism, anxiety, medication, among others. Tobacco has been pinpointed as a factor. Although rarely cancerous along, it appears often alongside types of oral cancer. Ask your dentist to take look and a biopsy if you are worried.

If you’ve developed mouth sores and need advice, call Dr. Gregg Balis and our team at Gregg Balis DDS. You can make an appointment at: 760-610-0497, or come by our office in Palm Desert, California.